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Agriculture
 

During the next twenty years, the world will face the daunting challenges of balancing food and fresh water requirement of growing population with the desire to maintain or improve environmental quality. Agricultural land and fresh water which are shrinking day by day, are the most important components for producing more food to meet requirement of growing population. More than 97% of the water on our planet is sea water. Of the less than 3% that is fresh water, over half is locked up in the polar ice cap. Rest provides our drinking water, grows our food, fills our lakes, and waters our lawns and our golf courses.

As the earth's population increases, the demand for fresh water goes more intense, as does the need for more fresh water irrigated agriculture. Because supply of fresh water is limited, the increasing demand for it will likely form the basis for future international conflicts.

The solution of these lies with cultivating Halophytes, the plants grow in desert coastal area and irrigated directly with seawater. There are vast areas of desert seacoasts on which farmers cannot grow crops because there is little or no fresh water. Much of this coastal desert is in countries of Africa, the Middle East, and India where there is something desperate need for food production. Estimates are that over 100 million hectares of new land could be brought down into production using seawater agriculture, with out tearing down rain forests or consuming scarce fresh water.

Sovrang offers solutions and wide international research experience assisting interested clients in the areas of seawater agriculture and cultivating high value medicinal plants. Among the halophytes (salt loving plants), major crops are:
 
1. Salicornia

Annual plants grow at desert coast with direct seawater irrigation. Seeds of salicornia consists 30 % high quality edible oil with low in saturated amino acids. Salicornia meal (cake) is high in protein (42%) content which is a good feed for poultry and fish industry. On harvest, salicornia straw is used as animal fodder, making paper, particle boards and fire logs.

At vegetative growth (before flowering) stage, part of the growing plants is harvested and used for green vegetable and salad.

Wide international experience form Sovrang offers interested clients assistance on every aspect starting right from preparing project proposal, training staff on site, identification of site and cultivation of crop.

 
2. Mangroves

Mangroves are the trees used for afforesting inter tidal and wet lands in sea coasts. Mangroves sequester carbon and are the good source for fire wood and animal fodder. Mangroves can also be grown on the discharged water from some of the factories to solve their problem of environmental hazard.

 
3. Fodder crops

Coastal areas always face scarcity of animal fodder. Based of the years of research work feeding trials conducted, some halophyte plants have been identified which grow on desert coasts with seawater irrigation and provide good quality fodder for the animals.

 
4. Medicinal and Herbal plants

Medicinal and herbal plants are in increasing demand all over the world due to their well known medicinal values.

Sovrang offers expertise for large scale cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants right from land identification to helping you out to market your produce.
 
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